Sudan (Darfur, Blue Nile and S. Kordofan)


Conflict Summary

In 2002, the Darfur Liberation Front (DLF) – later the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army (SLM/A) – started to attack government targets in the Darfur region in west Sudan. The rebels cited the Sudanese government’s alleged oppression of black Africans as a motive. Official government security forces and the Janjaweed, a militia composed of Arab tribesmen, combatted the growing number of rebel groups and now stand accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity. President Omar al-Bashir’s government denies the alleged links with Janjaweed but the International Criminal Court (ICC) indicted the president for war crimes and crimes against humanity associated with the Arab militias. The African Union–United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) was deployed in 2007 as a peacekeeping force and while it initially reduced fighting in the region, violence has resumed. Intense fighting between rebels and government forces continues, and has spread to South Kordofan and Blue Nile states.