Conflict Summary

The conflict in Chad can be split into three general dimensions. The first involves conflict between the historically neglected peoples of northern Chad and the central government, characterised by the rebel Movement for Democracy and Justice in Chad (Mouvement pour la Démocratie et la Justice au Tchad, MDJT), backed by Muammar Gadhafi's Libya. The second involves the Platform for Change, Unity and Democracy (Socle pour le Changement, l'Unité et la Démocratie, SCUD) and the Rally for Democracy and Liberty (Rassemblement pour la Démocratie et la Liberté, RDL), rebel groups based in eastern Chad on the border with Sudan’s Darfur region. The third involves political/military opposition to President Idriss Déby’s regime, characterised by the Union of Forces for Change (Union des Forces pour le Changement, UFC), an umbrella group of forces alienated by Déby’s hold onto power for a third term in 2004. The first dimension has stabilised through a number of peace accords, and Libya’s withdrawal of support for the MDJT, but instability in the rest of the country is on the increase.