Indonesia (Kalimantan)


Conflict Summary

The Indonesian Borneo region of Kalimantan has witnessed sporadic bursts of ethnic violence, largely orchestrated by indigenous Dayaks to eradicate the Madurese migrants, perceived as a threat to their culture and economic wellbeing. The violence, involving bladed weapons and often graphic scenes of beheading of migrants, occurred in three periods, in 1996, 1999 and 2001. The Indonesian authorities were criticised for reacting too slowly to the crises, and not addressing the root problem of ethnic resentment. It is estimated that the conflict has produced up to 100,000 internally displaced persons from the Madurese population.