Nepal (CPN(M))


Conflict Summary

The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (CPN(M)) has waged a ‘People’s War’ against the Nepalese government for close to a decade. The fighting has been intense at times, but casualties are largely limited to rebels and members of the Royal Nepalese Army. Using small arms either looted from the government or smuggled into the country, the CPN(M) has been able to cause major disruption in Nepal, moving the government to call for a state of emergency. Given the continued problems of inequality and poverty in an agrarian economy, sympathy for the Maoists remains high. In August 2003, the Maoists announced their withdrawal from a seven-month truce, leading to a major escalation in violence with the Royal Nepalese Army. Violent street protests in 2006 ousted King Gyanendra, who had assumed absolute power to defeat the insurgency. An anti-monarchical coalition government, and a ceasefire with the CPN(M) followed. Despite the formation of a joint interim government in 2007, violence and social tension continues in much of the country.